If planning ammoniated wheat straw for winter needs, Kansas State researchers offer the following tips to keep in mind:

  • The best time to ammoniate is immediately after wheat harvest, prior to weather deterioration.
  • The ammoniation process is temperature-sensitive, fastest during hot days.
  • Apply 60 pounds (lb.) of anhydrous ammonia per ton of straw.
  • Do not ammoniate wheat hay or any other intermediate or high-quality forage, as production of imidazole — an organic compound — can cause hyperactivity and death.
  • The process will double crude protein (CP) content, enhance intake and be cost effective.

More information about ammoniation treatment of low-quality forages is available at http://www.oznet.ksu.edu.

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