KANSAS CITY, Mo. — Two hundred seventy-four steers were entered in the 2008 National Hereford Feedout at Royal Beef Feedyard, Scott City, Kan. “Once again the National Hereford Feedout has shown the efficiency and worth of Hereford cattle to the beef industry,” says Tom Granzow, test coordinator and Kansas Hereford Association (KHA) secretary.
The group of Hereford and Hereford-cross steers that went on feed in December 2007 had an average daily gain (ADG) of 3.66 lb. per day. The cost of gain (COG) on this group was $0.67 per lb. of gain, and they converted at 5.64 lb. of dry feed per lb. of gain. The average marketing weight was 1,231 lb. of pay weight and the average number of days on feed was 168. The group also did well on the rail. The group averaged: backfat .48 inches (in.), marbling score 4.9, ribeye area (REA) 12.98, hot carcass weight 782 lb. and yield grade (YG) 2.44.
The February group had a 3.95 ADG, $0.66 COG; a dry-matter conversion average of 5.14, an average market weight of 1,211 lb. after being fed for an average of 141 days. In the carcass traits, this group had an average backfat of .38 in., marbling score 5.01 (Low Choice), REA 12.26, hot carcass weight 743 lb. and YG 2.45. See tables below for a comparison of the group to the Kansas yard average for the same time frame.
“The commercial beef industry is crying for efficiency that comes naturally, not in some new and improved high-cost feed additive,” Granzow says. “We can offer the commercial industry all of this and not compromise carcass quality or fertility in the whitefaced replacement female.”
The National Hereford Feedout allows producers from across the country to consign whiteface cattle. The KHA organizes the program in such a way that Hereford and Hereford-English cross pens can be entered in the test with just a minimum of five head. The steers in the
2008 feedout represented a diverse cross-section of Hereford genetics and were all handled the same. They were sorted by weight and body type, and after 75 days on feed, ultrasound data for backfat was collected.
The cattle were then marketed according to ultrasound data, with a desired backfat thickness of .4 inches. In this manner, the cattle were all subjected to the same environmental conditions and feed. At harvest they were individually weighed again, and final carcass
information was gathered. The feed efficiency of each steer was calculated based on a Cornell University formula that breaks down pen statistics into individual feed efficiency figures by accounting for maintenance and growth requirements of different sized animals.
At the end of the trial, each participant gets a graph analysis of his or her cattle ranked in comparison to the others in cost of gain (COG), as well as other performance and carcass data measures. For producers who consign sire groups, this service provides for genetic selection and rapid herd progress.
Table 1: National Hereford FeedoutA vs. Kansas Yard Average
Feedout Kansas Yard Average
Average Daily Gain 3.66 lb./day 3.45 lb./day
Cost of Gain $0.67 per lb. of gain $0.87 per lb. of gain
Conversion 5.64 lb. dry matter/lb. gain 5.81 lb. dry matter/lb. gain
A December 2007 start date
Table 2: National Hereford FeedoutB vs. Kansas Yard Average
Feedout Kansas Yard Average
Average Daily Gain 3.95 lb./day 3.62 lb./day
Cost of Gain $0.66 per lb. of gain $0.87 per lb. of gain
Conversion 5.14 dry matter/lb. gain 5.92 dry matter/lb. gain
B February 2008 start date
The American Hereford Association, with headquarters in Kansas City, Mo., is one of the largest U.S. beef breed associations. The not-for-profit organization along with its subsidiaries — Certified Hereford Beef (CHB) LLC, Hereford Publications Inc. (HPI) and American Beef Records Association (ABRA) — provides programs and services for its members and their customers, while promoting the Hereford breed and supporting education, youth and research. For more information about the Association, visit Hereford.org.
American Hereford Association
Marketing and National Shows
Kansas City, MO 64108
phone (816) 842-3757
fax (816) 842-6931
Herefords...The Efficiency Experts