For the week ending June 28, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service:
Corn – 4% is at or beyond silking, compared to 5% last year and 8% for average. The most crop development had occurred in North Carolina and Texas, while silking had yet to begin in the Great Plains, Corn Belt and Ohio Valley regions. The corn crop was rated 72% Good to Excellent, 11% more than a year ago.
Soybeans – 96% is planted, which is 1% ahead of last year but 2% behind normal. 91% has emerged, which is 2% ahead of last year, but 4% behind average. Blooming is complete on 5% of the crop, which is on par with last year, but 5% behind average. The crop was most advanced in the Delta, with Mississippi leading all states with 59% of the soybean acreage at or beyond the blooming stage. 68% is rated as Good to Excellent, which is 10% more than at the same time last year.
Winter wheat – 40% has been harvested (about half of it last week), which is 4% ahead of last year but 4% behind average. Producers in Kansas, Illinois and Missouri took advantage of five or more days suitable for fieldwork, and harvested 42%, 40%, and 35% of their crop during the week, respectively. 45% of the winter wheat acreage was rated Good to Excellent.
Spring wheat – 15% of the crop has headed, which is 11% behind last year, and 25% behind the average pace. 76% of the crop was rated Good to Excellent, 2% more than a year ago.
Barley – 12% has headed, which is 14% in back of last year and 25% behind the average pace. Affected by spring planting delays, crop progress was behind normal in all states, with the biggest lags evident in North Dakota and Minnesota. 82% is rated Good to Excellent, compared to 74% at the same time a year ago.
Sorghum – 93% of the intended acreage is sown, 2% ahead of last year but on par with average. The pace was at or ahead of normal in all states except Colorado, Illinois and New Mexico. In Illinois, progress lagged normal by more than a month. 23% is at or beyond heading, the same as last year and the average pace. 52% is rated Good to Excellent, compared to 49% at the same time a year ago.
Oats – 68% is at or beyond heading, 7 points better the last year, but 6% behind the 5-year average. Above average temps and drier weather in Minnesota, South Dakota and Wisconsin allowed for rapid crop development during the week. 60% was rated Good to Excellent, compared to 65% at the same time last year.
Pasture – 57% of the nation’s pasture and range is rated as Good or Excellent, 7% more than at the same time last year. 19% is rated Poor or Very Poor, compared to 24% a year ago.
States with the worst pasture conditions – at least 30% of the acreage rated Poor or worse – include: Arizona (35%); California (85%); Louisiana (54%); Mississippi (55%); New Mexico (70%); and Texas (51%).
The lushest conditions – at least 40% rated Good or better – exist in: Alabama (61%); Arkansas (60%); Colorado (77%); Florida (65%); Georgia (50%); Idaho (80%); Illinois (89%); Indiana (77%); Iowa (74%); Kansas (72%); Kentucky (71%); Maine (54%); Maryland (89%); Michigan (69%); Minnesota (56%); Missouri (73%); Montana (62%); Nebraska (79%); Nevada (65%); New York (85%); North Carolina (82%); North Dakota (72%); Ohio (67%); Oklahoma (60%); Oregon (69%); Pennsylvania (75%); South Carolina (65%); South Dakota (79%); Tennessee (64%); Utah (83%); Virginia (82%); Washington (45%); West Virginia (70%); Wisconsin (72%); and Wyoming (81%).