USDA reported that all cattle and calves in the U.S. as of July 1 totaled 100 million head, 1% below the 101.1 million on July 1, 2010.

All cows and heifers that have calved, at 40.6 million, were also down 1% from a year ago, according to the report.

Highlights of the report were:


  • Beef cows, at 31.4 million, were down 1% from July 1, 2010.
  • Milk cows, at 9.2 million, were up 1% from July 1, 2010.
  • All heifers 500 lbs. and over, 16.0 million, down 1%.
  • Beef replacement heifers, 4.2 million, down 5%.
  • Milk replacement heifers, 4.2 million, up 4%.
  • Other heifers, 7.6 million, down 2%.
  • Steers weighing 500 lbs. and over, 14.2 million, down 1%.
  • Bulls weighing 500 lbs. and over, 2.0 million, down 5%.
  • Calves under 500 lbs., 27.2 million, down 1%.
  • All cattle and calves on feed for slaughter, 12.2 million, up 3%.
  • The 2011 calf crop is expected to be 35.5 million, down 1% from 2010.
  • Calves born during the first half of the year are estimated at 25.8 million, down slightly from 2010.

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